The Three Pillars of Data Security

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Data security is the protection of systems and data against misuse, unauthorized access and use. This helps prevent data breaches that can cause disruption to business operations and financial loss, compliance penalties and reputational damage. Modern approaches to protecting data include a combination tools, technologies and best practice that are based on three pillars: Confidentiality and Integrity.

Data security begins with a thorough inventory and mapping. This includes cataloguing all data stored in your data centers, network-attached storage and desktops, mobile devices as well as third-party cloud services and software applications. It’s also important to consider physical storage devices, like external hard drives and USB sticks, and even deleted printed documents and documents. They are often ignored and can hold a lot of sensitive information, making them a tempting target for cybercriminals.

Once you are aware of your data sets you’ll have to classify sensitive data to understand where and how it’s situated within your system. This will enable you to prioritize security efforts, ensuring that only the most important data is secured and that less-critical information remains easily accessible. This also allows you to meet regulatory and industry standards, like those applicable to health care, finance and telecommunications.

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